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CHILD DEVELOPMENT

  1. What is child development?
    Child development is the process in which children grow in the physical, emotional, social, cognitive, and language domains. The early years are crucial in the development process as the most growth happens in this period.

  2. What are developmental milestones?
    Developmental milestones are skills that children typically acquire within certain age ranges. For example, most children learn to walk between the ages of 9 to 15 months. Milestones develop in a certain order as a child will need to master a certain skill in order to develop a new one, e.g. a child must learn to stand without assistance before he or she learns to walk.

  3. How do I know if my child is developing normally?
    All children go through the same developmental milestones though the exact age when they reach a milestone varies from child to child. Each child is unique and develops at his or her own pace. There are various factors that could either slow down or accelerate a child’s speed of development. These factors include, but are not limited to, the child’s natural ability to learn, the amount and kind of stimulation the child receives, and other skills the child is learning.
    There are development charts that you can use as a guideline to ensure that your child is achieving all the important milestones within the typical age range. 
    http://www.child-development-guide.com/child-development-milestone.html
    http://www.howkidsdevelop.com/developSkills.html
    http://www.pbs.org/wholechild/abc/index.html

  4. What if my child is not reaching a milestone when his/her peers are?
    It is important to remember that each child develops at his or her own pace. Therefore, developmental milestones charts are just a guideline for parents to refer to when considering their child’s growth. However, there are definite age ranges when most children will reach a developmental milestone. For example, children start talking anytime between 9 to 15 months of age. If your child is 14 months old and is not yet talking, there is no need to worry if he or she is already babbling and can use verbalizations in for communicative purposes. However, if your child is 16 months old and is not yet babbling or using verbalisations to communicate, it’s a good idea to talk to your child’s paediatrician to ensure there aren’t any medical or developmental problems as 16 months is outside the typical time frame in which children learn to talk. Children who have not followed the typical developmental process due to delays or disabilities can benefit from early intervention.